It is usual that the contracts appear to have some common clauses in order to enforce them by the law. One of the most usual clauses and stipulations in a Cyprus contract of sale is the Merger and Integration Clause which is briefly described below.
The reason this clause is intoduced in contracts is the prevention of a party bound to the contract from claiming at a later stage that they do not understand the contract's content in full, or that it was changed by a verbal agreement, or even that the contract is not in accordance with prior agreements.
Typically the merger and integration clause is introduced in the contract as follows: "This agreement contains the entire agreement of the parties with respect to the subject matter of this agreement, and is replacing all previous negotiations, agreements and understandings with respect thereto. This agreement may only be amended by a written document duly executed by both parties."
If your contract includes this stipulation it makes clear that all agreements are included in the contract document and that it is impossible to enforce any other promises that are not written in the document.
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